Drawing on international experience, a reform process has been initiated in 2018 to increase the effectiveness of the zones. As one reform option, a cluster-oriented model has been examined.
Considering the preconditions in Uzbekistan, Tashkent and the surrounding region offer the most promising potential for utilising synergies between zone and cluster development. A phased approach is recommended. The initial focus should be on developing a pharma park in Tashkent and on implementing a cluster management structure covering the capital as well as the surrounding region and pharma zones (Bustonlik, Parkent, Sirdaryo). In a second phase, further pharma zones, companies and institutions could be integrated. Finally, the approach could be applied to other industries.